Lucas Cranach the Elder

1472 - 1553
Cranach was one of the leading German painters and printmakers of the early 16th century. As court painter of the Elector of Saxony, the patron of Luther, Cranach is remembered as the chief artist of the Reformation. He painted altarpieces, Lutheran subject pictures and portraits, as well as mythological decorative works and nudes, such as the 'Cupid complaining to Venus' in the Collection.

Cranach was named after his native town of Kronach in Upper Franconia. He was probably trained there by his father, Hans. Around 1500 or earlier he travelled through Bavaria to Vienna, where he was briefly active. Early works exemplify the Danube school (see also Altdorfer) in their poetic use of landscape.

In 1505 he entered the service of the Electors of Saxony at Wittenberg, becoming a town councillor there in 1519 and burgomaster in 1537 and 1540. In 1550 he was with the Elector John Frederick who was held prisoner in Augsburg. He retired in 1552 to Weimar, leaving his sons, Hans and Lucas the Younger, to carry on his workshop.

Related paintings

Charity
Lucas Cranach the Elder
1537-50
Charity
Cupid complaining to Venus
Lucas Cranach the Elder
about 1525
Cupid complaining to Venus
Diptych: Two Electors of Saxony
Lucas Cranach the Elder
1509
Diptych: Two Electors of Saxony
Portrait of a Man, probably Johann Feige
Lucas Cranach the Elder
1524
Portrait of a Man, probably Johann Feige
Portrait of a Woman
Lucas Cranach the Elder
about 1525
Portrait of a Woman
The Close of the Silver Age (?)
Lucas Cranach the Elder
about 1530
The Close of the Silver Age (?)
 
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